Italian Queens produced by Olivarez Honey Bees. Bred for honey production, wintering ability, temperament, brood diseases, tracheal mite resistance, varroa tolerance and resistance, these are some of the nicest queens you can get. Queens are mated and marked for the 2019 season. Italian queens form the backbone of OHB. Breeder queens are chosen based on the hive's performance in honey production, gentleness, brood-rearing viability, and overall ability to overwinter healthy and heavy. In addition, OHB has worked with the "Tech Transfer Team," developed by world-renowned entomologist Marla Spivak, since before its official launch in an effort to identify and maintain desirable traits in our current stock. We've infused the "Minnesota Hygienic" and the "VSH" traits into our Italian stock, in an effort to enhance disease and mite resistance or tolerance. PICK UP ONLY--WE DO NOT SHIP THESE QUEENS. NO REFUNDS ON QUEENS. NOTICE: WE NEED 24 TO 48 HOURS BEFORE YOU PICKUP YOUR QUEEN AT THE STORE SO WE CAN PULL HER FROM OUR QUEEN BANK. PLEASE CALL OR EMAIL US FOR AVAILABILITY AFTER PURCHASE!!!